Right of Wife in Islamadmin
Good behavior is the foremost Right of a Spouse (Wife) in Islam. Husband’s first duty is to treat his Wife with kindness and give her dignity so that the house turns into a Paradise.
Allah Almighty says in Quran:
وَعَاشِرُوهُنَّ بِٱلْمَعْرُوفِ … And stay with them in kindness. Al-Quran [4:19]
Holy Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) said: “The excellent among you is he who is ideal for his spouse.” On the event of Hajj Al Wida’a (last farewell sermon), the Holy Prophet (ﷺ) advised the gathering of approx 124,000 of His Followers and Companions (Sihaba RA) saying: O’ Muslims (human beings)… Fear Allah for the Rights of Women and treat them with kindness.
Dower (Haq Mehr)
Dower i.e. Haq Mehr is the most essential and obligatory Right of a Women in Islam. It is the right of a female (to be married) and it’s the obligation of a Male (person to be married) to pay Dower (Haq mehr) to his female partner. Allah says in the Holy Quran: “And give Women their Haq Mehr with happiness. Yes, in the event if they willingly give up some of it, then eat it with pleasure”.
The Holy Prophet (ﷺ) said: The maximum important of the conditions you meet is to fulfill it. Due to that you have made the honor of ladies lawful for yourself. “Whoever marries a Woman but intends not to pay her the Haq-Mehr, he is adulterer.”
Alimony (Nan Nafqa)
Alimony refers back to the husband offering the house, clothing and food for his spouse. As Allah Almighty says in the Holy Quran, In Surah Al-Baqra Ayat 236:
ٱلرِّجَالُ قَوَّٰمُونَ عَلَى ٱلنِّسَآءِ بِمَا فَضَّلَ ٱللَّهُ بَعْضَهُمْ عَلَىٰ بَعْضٍ وَبِمَآ أَنفَقُوا۟ مِنْ أَمْوَٰلِهِمْ
“The wealthy man with his capability and the poor according to his capability”
Men are in charge of Women by means of [right of] what Allah has given one over the other and what they spend [for maintenance] from their wealth. Al-Quran [4:34]
The Holy Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) also stated: The man is responsible to spend his wealth first on his family and then on his circle of relatives. If a person is reluctant to carry out this duty, then the Spouse (Wife) can claim her Right even thru the Court.
It is the Right of Wife in Islam that her husband treat her and each one like other Wives (if have) equally.The obligation of the husband encompass that if he has one or more than one Wives, he is supposed to act fairly between them. And if he does not get this potential within himself, then he ought to perform the obligation of one spouse. In Quran, Surah Al-Nisa, Ayat three Allah (S.W.T) said:
“Marry those who please you of others (women), 2 or 3 or 4. But if you worry that you may not do the justice in between them, so marry one only”.
Holy Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) said: A man who has two wives and who is completely willing to 1 and ignores the other will emerge with half of his body paralyzed on the Day of Judgment.” (Hadith; Ibn Majah, Nikah, 47; Mishqatl’l-masabih, 2/196). The lady is not certainly inclined to tolerate every other caste between herself and her husband.
Secrecy & Privacy
It is the highly important and necessary for every husband and wife’s obligation to keep spouse’s love and personal affairs confidential and secret. Both are usually aware of each other’s flaws in dwelling a marital life. It is obligatory for each of them strictly not repeat not to expose them to others especially the friends.
The Qur’an says:
هُنَّ لِبَاسٌ لَّكُمْ وَأَنتُمْ لِبَاسٌ لَّهُنَّ
They are apparel for you and you are apparel for them. Al-Baqarah [Ayat-187]
The purpose of Dress is to cover the human body. The Holy Muhammad (ﷺ) said: On the Day of Judgment, the worst man could be the one, who is aware of and exhibits his wife’s secrets.
The kindness with Wife’s relatives
Like a wife, the husband is also obliged to treat their in-laws and relatives with kindness. And continue to admire and respect the wife in front of them so that the relatives of the spouse may advise to respect her husband as much as possible.
Along with his family, he has to be courteous with his spouse’s friends and family so that respect of his wife can be multiplied in the eyes of her pals. The Holy Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) used to deal with her cherished spouse Ayesha Siddiqa’s (R.A) friends with unique kindness and affection.
Khula’a is a method of separation of wife from her husband in return for a payment. The husband takes the payment and let her go. Whether this price is the Mehr, the fee he gave to her on the time of marriage, or greater or much less than that. In Islam the wife cannot divorce her husband but have a Right to take Khula’a form her husband in case of any unavoidable circumstances.
Right of Inheritance
Unlike other religions of the World, the Woman In Islamic law has a Right of Inheritance. In case of marital life, the wife is privileged and entitled to one-8th if she has a baby, and one-fourth if she has no kids, on the demise of her husband.
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