Tafsir ul QURAN: تفسيرadmin
Tafsir ul QURAN: تفسير
Tafsir means an ‘interpretation’. It is an Arabic word usually used to interpret the Verses of Holy Quran with reference to the context. An author of Tafsir is a called a Mufassir. Tafsir provide an elucidation, explanation, interpretation, context or commentary for a clear understanding of divine Instructions and messages of Quran for conviction of God’s will. In terms of perspective or approach, Tafsir can be broadly taken as a Key to Holy Quran. Learning Quran is itself a great honor and call for the blessings of God Almighty, however, learning Quran by its meaning and complete understanding by Tafsir is indeed above all others without any doubt or exaggeration.
The Tafsir in literal meaning is an interpreting, explaining, elaborating or disclosing the facts. In Islamic context, it is defined as a true understanding & uncovering God’s Will, which was conveyed by Quran in Arabic language.
Hadith (Arabic: حَدِيْث)
Hadith in Arabic is a narration or the Sayings taken from the Life of Holy Prophet of Islam, Muhammad PBUH. Hadith is strictly used at the side of Holy Quran to interpret the Islamic Sharia, Jurisprudence and the Way of Life in accordance to the will of God while following the footsteps of The Messenger of God (PBUH) & His companions known as Sahaba. At one occasion, the Holy Prophet PBUH said that “My companions (Sahaba) are like Stars, anyone who followed them, would reach to his / her goal”. The word Hadith or Hadees means something or a bit of record of the Sayings of Holy Prophet PBUH. Any addition, deletion, assumption or fake reference is strictly prohibited and only the reliable source is acceptable. Hadith is an extremely sensitive Topic and Subject, so extra ordinary care is required to be taken while quoting unquote. The Holy Prophet PBUH at another occasion warned that “Anyone who wrongly quoted my Sayings and Teachings would be thrown to the Hellfire”. In real, the actual meaning of Hadith is an assertion, action or approval attributed to the Holy Prophet of Islam, Muhammad (PBUH). Hadith may be divided into three terms or categories based upon their contents of material:
1. A Statement of the Prophet PBUH.
2. An Action of the Prophet PBUH.
3. The Prophet’s PBUH approval of a motion.
After the departure of Holy Messenger of God PBUH back to the Heavens, the “Muhaddithin” aka The Authors of Hadith and Muslim Scholars wrote down almost all the sayings of Holy Prophet PBUH, covering all walks of life i.e. what He had said, what He had done and what He had approved for His followers to come. The Scholars also wrote those narrations which were informed thru proper channel and reliable resources. Some of the Hadiths were retold typically earlier than they have been written down. Some did not cover in every detail within the designated area so to have a look at Hadith by the Scholars evaluates among the one Hadith with reference to the context while keeping in view the core authenticity of the Sayings in all possible ways.
Muslim scholars gathered all of these Hadiths in books and compiled them each to different volumes. They decided which Hadith has been mostly close in all its likelihood and sure to be genuine records of the Sunnah, that is, the phrases and actions of Holy Prophet Muhammad PBUH. Muslims see it with a strong belief that Sunnah is the only source of guidance in conjunction with the Holy Quran. Islam is the last divine Religion on Earth which is complete in all respects so nothing can be changed in any way whatsoever. The Hadith ranks 2nd after Quran which not only elaborate a complete Code of Life but also guide us and facilitate to spend our lives easily as per the wish & will of Messenger of God PBUH & God Almighty – Allah SWT.
Abu Hurairah (RA), the closest companion of Holy Prophet PBUH has the honor to lead his fellow companions to narrate the maximum of Hadiths, the Sayings of Prophet Muhammad PBUH.
Fiqha (Arabic: فقه)
Fiqh is an Arabic word which means The Islamic Jurisprudence. Fiqha contains all basic guidelines, core legislative rules and regulations for Muslims. In other words, it is a Board of Authority for selection of Sharia Law strictly in compliance to Hadith (sayings of Prophet Muhammad PBUH) and Quran (sayings of Almighty Allah-God). It is meant to be used by the Islamic Scholars, Clerics or Ulema to assist & guide the Muslims to spend their lives according to Islam while adhering to the Sharia Law, the Law of Justice. Fiqha is a segment of Islamic Law which offers with the acts of Muslims that consists of worships as well as each day movements and actions in each and every department of life.
In Islam there are 4 principal Schools of Thoughts, which are being followed in the World over and are applied with the aim to bring justice to the mankind under Authority of the Teachings on the footsteps of Holy Messenger of God, Muhammad (PBUH).These Schools of Thoughts are authentic and not different in anyways in the Fundamental Beliefs, however, it can be said that each one has a different approach and perspective in understanding the spirit of Islam.
• Hanafi – followers of Imam Abu Hanifa
• Maaliki – followers of Imam Maalik
• Shafe’i – followers of Imam Shae’i
• Hanbali – followers of Imam Ahmad Hanbal
Islamic Jurisprudence or Fiqha illustrates Islamic Law at one side, the Acts of Worships after Shahada which includes the Prayer, Zakat, Fasting, Hajj and Purification as a few while on the other side it covers all departments of life dealing with each materialistic issue to provide the solution satisfactorily.
Comprehension of Fiqha or Islamic Jurisprudence is extremely important as one cannot get overview of any issue until he has understood its particulars and spirit. The understanding about the Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence is also required so that one can understand the methodology of legal derivation & interpretation of standard Rules and Regulations.
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